the Instruction of Recruits
officer of each company is charged with the instruction of his
recruits; and as that is a service that requires not only experience,
but a patience and temper not met with in every officer, he is
to make choice of an officer, serjeant, and one or two corporals
of his company, who, being approved of by the colonel, are to
attend particularly to that business: but in case of the arrival
of a great number of recruits, every officer without distinction
is to be employed on that service.
officer of each regiment will fix on some place for the exercise
of his recruits, where himself or some field-officer must attend,
to overlook their instruction.
must be taken singly, and first taught to put on their accoutrements,
and carry themselves properly.
Position of a Soldier Without Arms
to stand straight and firm upon his legs,
with the head turned to the right so far as to bring the left
eye over the waistcoat buttons; the heels two inches apart; the
toes turned out; the belly drawn in a little, but without constraint;
the breast a little projected; the shoulders square to the front,
and kept back; and the hands hanging down the sides, with the
palms close to the thighs.
word the soldier must be silent, stand firm and steady, moving
neither hand nor foot, (except as ordered) but attend carefully
to the words of command.
of the soldier must be observed in the strictest manner, till
he receives the word
he may refresh himself, by moving his hands or feet; but must
not then sit down or quit his place, unless permitted so to do.
the Left Dress!
word the soldier turns his head briskly to the left, so as to
bring his right eye in the direction of his waistcoat buttons.
the Right Dress !
The soldier dresses again to the right, as before.
recruit must then be taught.
the Right Face! Two motions.
1st. Turn briskly on both
heels to the right, lifting up the toes a little, and describing
the quarter of a circle.
2d. Bring back the right foot to its proper position, without
the Left Face ! Two motions.
the left as before to the right.
2d. Bring up the right foot
to its proper position.
the Right About, Face ! Three motions.
1st. Step back with the right
foot, bringing the buckle opposite the left heel. at the
same time seizing the cartridge-box with the right hand.
on both heels, and describe half a circle.
3d. Bring back the right
foot, at the sametime quitting the cartridge box.
recruit is sufficiently expert in the foregoing points, he must
be taught the different steps.
feet, and about seventy-five in a minute.
the Front, March !
steps off with his left foot, and marches a free, easy and natural
step, without altering the position of his body or head, taking
care to preserve a proper balance, and not cross his legs, but
to march without constraint in every sort of ground: The officer
must march sometimes in his front and sometimes at his side, in
order to join example to precept.
word the soldier stops short, on the foot then advanced, immediatly
the other, without stamping.
two feet, but about one hundred and
twenty in a minute, and is performed on the same principle as
The recruits having been exercised singly, till they have a proper
carriage, and are well grounded in the different steps; the officer
will then take three men, and placing them in one rank, exercise
them in the different steps, and teach them
March by Files.
being of great importance, must be carefully attended to; observing
that the soldier carries his body more forward than in the front
march, and that he does not increase the distance from his file-leader.
be practiced, both in the quick and common time.
obliquely to the right, the soldier steps obliquely with the right
foot, bringing up the left, and placing the heel directly before
the toes of the right foot, and the contrary when marching to
the left, at the same time observing to keep the shoulders square
to the front, especially that the shoulder opposite to the side
they march to does not project, and that the files keep close.
recruits being thus far instructed, must be again taken separately,
Position of the Soldier Under Arms
position the soldier is to stand straight and firm upon his legs,
with the heels two inches apart, the toes a little turned out,
the belly, drawn in a little without constraint, the breast a
little projected, the shoulders square to the front and kept back,
the right hand hanging down the side, with the palm close to the
thigh, the left elbow not turned out from the body, the firelock
carried on the left shoulder, at such height that the guard will
be just under the left breast, the forefinger and thumb before
the swell of the butt, the; three last fingers under the butt,
the flat of the butt against the hip bone, and pressed so as that
the firelock may be felt against the left side, and stand before
the hollow of the shoulder, neither leaning towards the head nor
from it, the barrel almost perpendicular, When exercising, he
is to be very exact in counting a second of time between each
to the Manual of Arms!