Of the Instruction of Recruits
The commanding officer of each company is charged with the instruction of his recruits; and as that is a service that requires not only experience, but a patience and temper not met with in every officer, he is to make choice of an officer, serjeant, and one or two corporals of his company, who, being approved of by the colonel, are to attend particularly to that business: but in case of the arrival of a great number of recruits, every officer without distinction is to be employed on that service.
The commanding officer of each regiment will fix on some place for the exercise of his recruits, where himself or some field-officer must attend, to overlook their instruction.
The recruits must be taken singly, and first taught to put on their accoutrements, and carry themselves properly.
The Position of a Soldier Without Arms
He is to stand straight and firm upon his legs,
with the head turned to the right so far as to bring the left eye over the waistcoat buttons; the heels two inches apart; the toes turned out; the belly drawn in a little, but without constraint; the breast a little projected; the shoulders square to the front, and kept back; and the hands hanging down the sides, with the palms close to the thighs.
At this word the soldier must be silent, stand firm and steady, moving neither hand nor foot, (except as ordered) but attend carefully to the words of command.
This attention of the soldier must be observed in the strictest manner, till he receives the word
At which he may refresh himself, by moving his hands or feet; but must not then sit down or quit his place, unless permitted so to do.
To the Left Dress!
At this word the soldier turns his head briskly to the left, so as to bring his right eye in the direction of his waistcoat buttons.
To the Right Dress !
The soldier dresses again to the right, as before.
The recruit must then be taught.
To the Right Face! Two motions.
1st. Turn briskly on both heels to the right, lifting up the toes a little, and describing the quarter of a circle.
2d. Bring back the right foot to its proper position, without stamping.
To the Left Face ! Two motions.
1st. Turn to the left as before to the right.
2d. Bring up the right foot to its proper position.
To the Right About, Face ! Three motions.
1st. Step back with the right foot, bringing the buckle opposite the left heel. at the
same time seizing the cartridge-box with the right hand.
2d. Turn briskly on both heels, and describe half a circle.
3d. Bring back the right foot, at the sametime quitting the cartridge box.
When the recruit is sufficiently expert in the foregoing points, he must be taught the different steps.
The Common Step
Is two feet, and about seventy-five in a minute.
To the Front, March !
The soldier steps off with his left foot, and marches a free, easy and natural step, without altering the position of his body or head, taking care to preserve a proper balance, and not cross his legs, but to march without constraint in every sort of ground: The officer must march sometimes in his front and sometimes at his side, in order to join example to precept.
At this word the soldier stops short, on the foot then advanced, immediatly bringing up
the other, without stamping.
The Quick Step
Is also two feet, but about one hundred and
twenty in a minute, and is performed on the same principle as the other.
The recruits having been exercised singly, till they have a proper carriage, and are well grounded in the different steps; the officer will then take three men, and placing them in one rank, exercise them in the different steps, and teach them
The March by Files.
Which, being of great importance, must be carefully attended to; observing that the soldier carries his body more forward than in the front march, and that he does not increase the distance from his file-leader.
The Oblique Step
Must then be practiced, both in the quick and common time.
In marching obliquely to the right, the soldier steps obliquely with the right foot, bringing up the left, and placing the heel directly before the toes of the right foot, and the contrary when marching to the left, at the same time observing to keep the shoulders square to the front, especially that the shoulder opposite to the side they march to does not project, and that the files keep close.
The recruits being thus far instructed, must be again taken separately, and taught
The Position of the Soldier Under Arms
In this position the soldier is to stand straight and firm upon his legs, with the heels two inches apart, the toes a little turned out, the belly, drawn in a little without constraint, the breast a little projected, the shoulders square to the front and kept back, the right hand hanging down the side, with the palm close to the thigh, the left elbow not turned out from the body, the firelock carried on the left shoulder, at such height that the guard will be just under the left breast, the forefinger and thumb before the swell of the butt, the; three last fingers under the butt, the flat of the butt against the hip bone, and pressed so as that the firelock may be felt against the left side, and stand before the hollow of the shoulder, neither leaning towards the head nor from it, the barrel almost perpendicular, When exercising, he is to be very exact in counting a second of time between each motion.
On to the Manual of Arms!